Leopold was the sole shareholder and chairman. The state included the entire area of the present Democratic Republic of the Congo. Under Leopold II, the Congo Free State became one of the most infamous international scandals of the turn of the twentieth century. The report of the British Consul Roger Casement led to the arrest and punishment of white officials who had been responsible for cold-blooded killings during a rubber-collecting expedition inincluding a Belgian national who caused the shooting of at least Congolese natives.
Join the conversation on Twitter and Facebook. Tribute to Ethiopia Scholar Don Levine: Levine, who passed away on Saturday, April 4th at the age of 83, is being remembered by his friends in Ethiopia and the Diaspora as a beloved Ethiopianist, educator, sociological theorist, author, collaborator, advocate, mentor, sensei and friend.
In addition to his well-known credentials as a respected scholar of Ethiopian studies, Levine was also an Aikido sensei and the co-founder of the first Aikido dojo in Awasa, Ethiopia. Feel free to send us your own reflections at staff tadias.
I have known him for more than 12 years and he has taught me, trained me, supported me like a father would a son. He was the architect of our project. He loved our country and the people, and he was talking about Ethiopia days before he passed away.
We will cherish his work and continue working on what we started in our country. Rest in peace, Ethiopiawiwu ye Selam Arbegna. Dag Andargachew and Don Levine. We kept in touch since then and got to hang out again in when he came back to California to visit an Ethiopian that was imprisoned.
Afterwards we went to Yoga Mandala in Berkeley for their 1st anniversary yoga session which was my first ever yoga class!! After that day I was a regular student at that studio till I left the Bay Area and have been hooked on yoga ever since! Fast forward a few years and I was living in Addis for a couple of years and had the honor to help Don with administrative staff — organizing meetings, meet and greet events etc.
I also had the privilege to organize a meeting for him with Gash Mesfin Prof. Mesfinwho had also been recently released from prison.
It was an awesome opportunity for me to sit amongst these two giants and listen-in to their conversation, debate and old stories. Interestingly I found out that my Dad was an undergrad student at AAU when Don first came to Ethiopia and was one of the people that taught him Amharic.
Don is a true sensei in the whole sense of the word!! Courtesy photo I am blessed to have known Dr. The God that created heaven and earth is pleased in this Easter day, to receive his servant and our friend into his kingdom. May his writing and teaching touch many lives forever and ever.
He has willingly accepted and loved being Ethiopian. He dedicated 55 years of his life studying, writing, teaching, advocating and praying for Ethiopia and Ethiopians. He encouraged all of us to dig deeper into the spirit of Menze and Shoa.
He also showed us to live our lives with abundance.
He motivated us to develop our skill of negotiation that our ancestors had once mastered. He showed us how to express what we want with class and dignity using what our ancestors called Wax and Gold.
He wanted to show Ethiopians not to be ashamed of our history and heritage. For that alone I am eternally grateful. Gashe Liben, as he is called by his Ethiopian name, We will continue your work and be true to ourselves.
May you rest in peace.
To mention a few, he was an editorial advisor and author of TSEHAI Publisherseditorial board member and regular contributor of the International Journal of Ethiopian Studiesand a founding board member and senior scholar of the Ethiopian Institute for Nonviolence Education and Peace Studies, but most of all he was one of the few people who took time to answer any questions that I may have.
For me, I lost a mentor, a major supporter, and a collaborator on all of my projects, and an author extraordinaire that I had the privilege of publishing his very last book Interpreting Ethiopia among other writings and his classic book: What we lost today is not only an acclaimed scholar, but a dear friend of our people and a citizen of the world who cares deeply for its future.
As we passed the Ras Mekonen Hall, Professor Levine looked up the door of the Hall and excitedly pointed the motto of the University posted at the top. He then quickly shared with us the meaning as if to free us from the instant question he posed to us.
The motto became part of our conversation as we marched to Genet Hall. This anecdote typifies the nature and personality of Professor Levine and his extraordinary immersion into Ethiopian history, culture and society. Professor Levine has always maintained an insider view, that is, he studied the language, assumed the position of being empathic with the culture and looked at the history and culture of the people Ethiopia from the inside out.The meeting between European nations discussed without African nations, how to peacefully divide Africa for colonization.
Congo Free State Personal land granted to King Leopold ll of Belgium. In history of Latin America: The independence of Latin America entered into an alliance with France in , it set off a series of developments that opened up economic and political distance between the Iberian countries and their American colonies.
The region that is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo was first settled about 80, years ago. The Kingdom of Congo remained present in the region between the 14th and the early 19th centuries.
Belgian colonization began when King Leopold II founded the Congo Free State, a corporate state run solely by King heartoftexashop.coms .
- The principle justification offered by the Europeans for their colonization of Asia & Africa was the moral and technological superiority of the western world.
As the Europeans saw it, the spread of the European way of life would substantially increase living standards for the colonized. The Blackfoot tribe was a nomadic Native American group that lived on the Great Plains.
Learn about their society and how contact with Europeans changed their culture forever in . The history of the Republic of the Congo has been marked by diverse civilisations: indigenous, The earliest inhabitants of the region comprising present-day Congo were the Bambuti people.
This African Iron Age culture came under great pressure with the arrival of the first Europeans.