The six dimensions of national culture are based on extensive research done by Professor Geert Hofstede, Gert Jan Hofstede, Michael Minkov and their research teams. The application of this research is used worldwide in both academic and professional management settings. Dimensions of national culture:
July Globalization is perhaps the central concept of our age. Yet, a single definition of globalization does not exist either among academics or in everyday conversation. There is also a lack of consensus as to whether or not globalization is a useful concept to portray current events.
Some certainly do reject the notion that we have entered a fundamentally new era. Most definitions incorporate a notion of a growing magnitude of global flows such that one can truly speak of A global society. They find evidence that human activity has become interregional or intercontinental in scale.
McWorld," attest to the seemingly contradictory unifying and divisive forces inherent in globalization. For some, globalization processes, on balance, represent a tremendous opportunity for prosperity, peaceand democracy.
In reality, globalization has sparked unease and discontentment in a range of groups from all parts of the world. The discussion will focus on economics, political authority, cultural impacts, and discontentment.
These categorizations are clearly arbitrary, but given the interconnectedness central to globalization, fully disentangling different forces and processes is impossible. Economic Globalization For many, globalization is equated with economic interdependence.
At the dawn of the 21st century, the scale and magnitude of global economic interaction appears to be unprecedented. The developing world, too, have increasingly become a part of global trade and capital flows.
Current trends suggest economic and financial integration has proceeded only in a limited manner. Extensive evidence also exists to support the claim that economic interdependence is related to more peaceful relations.
States, for example, that trade more with each other are less likely to go to war. In other words, does greater trade lead to peace or does peace lead to greater trade?
The greater ties from interdependence have been argued to lead to both greater cooperation and conflict. The relationship is, in fact, most likely nonlinear. At the same time, many critics argue engagement in the global economy is exploitation in itself.
For those who believe the nation-state is in retreat, the growing power of unaccountable market forces and international organizations provokes calls for change. Many social movements and NGOs seek to give ideas of human rightsenvironmental protection and the like equal footing with economic efficiency.
One might divide them into those who seek a fundamental restructuring of the global system and those who want to reform the existing system. Reformers seek a more equitable distribution of wealth, attention to the plight to women, and addressing the global environmental crisis.
The Nature of Political Authority One important discussion surrounds whether the nation-state is obsolete as the best form of political organization. Economic and social processes increasingly cross borders making it increasingly difficult for states to control their territory, a central component of sovereignty.
As governance structures are established at the global level to deal with the growing number of global problems, conflicts have also emerged as to how to make international organizations more accountable and democratic. Future of the Nation-State Regardless of how historically fleeting or fictitious in much of the world, the model of the Westphalian nation-state is increasingly called into question.
In economic affairs, with states reluctant to cede authority to international actors, some see economic processes out of control , leaving little option but to accommodate the forces of globalization.
The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or the technology and expertise to construct them are a growing concern. Where states have collapsed and human rights violations rampant, the "CNN effect" has resulted in public pressure on other governments to intervene via peacekeeping operations.
To deal with such developments, states have found it useful to construct international organizations and grant them significant decision-making authority.
These organizations can at times provide a venue in which disputes can be peacefully adjudicated. What is more, a host of nonstate actors, whether al-Qaeda or Amnesty International or Microsoft, appear to have significant ability to shape state behavior. Global Governance For many, it is increasingly clear that real authority has been transferred to international organizations and other non-state actors.
As such, this raises questions about how they may be made more democratically accountable. Intergovernmental organizations are increasingly important sites in which economic globalization is contested.
Technology and Governance Given the close relationship between globalization and technological innovation, research has also examined how new technologies will effect our notions of democracy and citizenship.
On the surface, it may seem that these technologies would allow for greater information availability allowing the oppressed to rise up against authoritarian governments as well as allowing the disadvantaged to participate on a more equal footing in advanced industrial democracies.
Recent scholarship, however, has taken issue with the assumption that these technologies are liberating. Some have pointed out that technologies make surveillance and control easier.cultural values and creativity 3 risk avoidance, strict control systems, resistance to change, and discomfort with the unknown as characteristics of cultures with a preference for certainty.
Nov 19, · A Report on Japanese Culture Essay Words | 5 Pages A Report on Japanese Culture Folkways: While most countries have business cards, Japan has taken it to a higher level. In sum, “white” as a keyword in American studies and cultural studies has expanded contemporary understandings of race and racial inequality by turning a critical eye to white supremacy and its systemic reproduction through identity, norms, performance, and privilege.
Food feeds the soul. To the extent that we all eat food, and we all have souls, food is the single great unifier across cultures.
But what feeds your soul? For me, a first-generation Korean-American, comfort food is a plate of kimchi, white rice, and fried Spam. Is Globalization Americanization? Essay Sample.
Many have argued that the US popular culture is at the forefront of globalization, so much so that globalization can largely be viewed as the spread of American culture. Americanization Essay.
Submitted by: carisha on November 6, ; Category: English; Length: 1, words; Open Document. Below is an essay on "Americanization" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Now they seem to be selling their culture to the rest of the world as anew and improved .