Lee surrendered to Union forces at Appomattox, putting an end to the bloodiest war in American history.
This international conflict is perhaps the most written about and studied piece of United States history. So exactly what caused the civil war? The war was a result of conflicting ideological, cultural and economic ideas between both regions.
Slavery Arguably the general consensus is that slavery was the primary cause of the civil war. Even though there were differences of opinion on slavery within Union states at the time and not all the states that held slaves were part of The Confederacy, it was generally clear that The North and The South held opposing views to slavery, leading to political causes of the civil war.
From a philosophical perspective, slave ownership was not consistent with republicanism, a philosophy which held unalienable individual rights and liberty as its key central values. As republicanism was the core philosophy of the United States, The Union longed to bring slavery to a gradual end by containing its spread throughout the nation.
The South believed that this idea went against their Constitutional rights and that they should be allowed to own slaves if they so desired.
The Casualties american civil war essay of slavery was illegal in The North as it had been outlawed in the 19th century, yet its expansion was rife in southern states. The rise of chattel slavery meant that slaves could be bought and sold as property and any children the slaves had could become property too.
People were owned outright, unlike in The North. The culture of abolitionists in the Union vs. As Lincoln stated in his inaugural address, one-eighth of the American population were coloured slaves that were localised in The South which had particular and powerful interests.
All knew that these interests were somehow the cause of the war. The Economy New England states and the climate of The North were largely not suited for farming and so this industry was not embraced.
Instead, manufacturing was the booming industry in this region and goods were made with machines instead of being grown. The booming manufacturing industry and exports overseas meant that cities were able to grow in northern states and city life becoming the norm of northern society.
In contrast, The South was a much better region for growing, with a lot of fertile soil, especially along the mineral-rich river basins.
The agricultural industry meant that unlike cities, owners could have large farms with enormous open fields. Cotton, rice, tobacco and the indigo plant were key products grown in largely monoculture farms that required labour from numerous slaves.
To put it simply, The North liked producing products and The South liked growing, and so this produced the economic causes of the Civil War.
Because of the larger population in the northern region, greater technological advances and economic success lead to greater quantities of manufactured goods, therefore slavery was gradually phased out.
This was in contrast to The South which depended on slavery for its predominant agricultural economy. Southern states had little desire to embrace manufacturing as businesses were based on low cost labour and so supported the right to sell cotton and purchase manufactured items from any country.
In contrast, Northern states had heavily invested in manufacturing and could not compete with advanced European industries to offer high prices from southern cotton imports and lower prices for manufactured good exports in return. This difference in economic interests meant that The North supported tariffs on goods whereas The South demanded a free trade.
Some historians debate whether differences in economy between northern and southern regions did help propel the war. A number of academic sources seem to suggest that both regions economies were complementary, i. The North and The South did trade a significant amount with each other which brought about mutual benefits.The Causes of the American Civil War Essay Example.
The American Civil War of was fought between the Union (the northern states) and The Confederates (the southern states) under the presidency of Abraham Lincoln. American Civil War casualties are those soldiers, both Union and Confederate, who died, were wounded, went missing or were captured.
The American Civil War was the nation's bloodiest war. The violence in battles such as Shiloh, Antietam, Stones River and Gettysburg shocked everyone in the country, both North and South. The American Civil War - Essay Kitchen American History Essays: The Major Battles of the Civil War There were numerous causes that led to the Civil War, many of which developing around the fact that the North was becoming more industrialized while the South remained largely agrarian.
For the men of the 54th Massachusetts, the assault on a Confederate fort outside Charleston was much more than just another battle. It was their chance to show the world that black troops could fight--and die- . Mexican-American War, also called Mexican War, Spanish Guerra de or Guerra de Estados Unidos a Mexico (“War of the United States Against Mexico”), war between the United States and Mexico (April –February ) stemming from the United States’ annexation of Texas in and from a dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River (Mexican claim) or the Rio Grande (U.S.
claim). Civil War term papers (paper ) on Causes Of The Civil War: CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR I. Introduction to Civil War The American Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America. Term paper