The bloody spur cannot provoke him on, That sometimes anger thrusts into his hide, Which heavily he answers with a groan, More sharp to me than spurring to his side. For that same groan doth put this in my mind, My grief lies onward and my joy behind.
Many associate the poem with the romantic poet's obsession with death but it is much more an exploration of the contrasting nature of life and the consolation of creativity, relationships and the natural world. The speaker is concerned about the future it is true, and that concern is undoubtedly fuelled by the life circumstances John Keats happened to find himself in.
With a mother already dead from tuberculosis and a younger brother, Tom, showing similar symptoms - he was to die a year after the poem was written - little wonder that Keats had an eye on life's ticking clock.
He felt himself to be on the road to literary recognition, having published his first book of poems in He had a passion for poetry and had read with enthusiasm epics by Milton and plays and sonnets by the master William Shakespeare.
Some of Shakespeare's sonnets must certainly have inspired Keats to compose his, and there are echoes from sonnets 12, 30, 60, 64 and which are mostly based on themes of love, time and the form When Being a romantic, Keats sought after the ideals of beauty and truth in his work and as a poet wanted to distance himself from the subjectivity and egotism of the modern groundbreaking poets, namely William Wordsworth, who he met several times in London.
Keats developed his own theory on poetic creativity and the response of poets to life and the natural world's beauty.
He called it 'negative capability', the intuitive approach to experience where 'uncertainties, Mysteries, doubts' take precedence over facts and reason. This heightened sense of joy and empathy, beauty and truth was Keats's raison d'etre.
He much preferred this to cold logic. When I have fears concentrates on the uncertainty of life and juxtaposes fear against creative potential and love.
The speaker desperately wants to accomplish things in his life, to publish books of poetry, to experience true love, but knows that time may be against him. This sonnet was written in a letter to a friend, John Hamilton Reynolds, on the 31st January and published in a book, Poems, in This line represents a mind full of anxieties and dark forebodings and the reason why there's such pessimism is because of time and its limitations.
The single syllables in the steady iambic pentameter make a profound opening line. The word cease is a light phonetic echo of fears whilst the modal verb may suggests only possibility which in itself raises the question - We all die sooner or later so there is no possibility of not ceasing to be?
This uncertainty points towards the idea of an early death and is a parallel with the Shakespearean character Hamlet, who consciously said - To be, or not to be, that is the question. In Keats's sonnet there is no existential question, only an answer.
Line 2 Using enjambment to full effect carries the meaning on without need for punctuation so the reader gets to know why the speaker has fears - they are caused by the need to harvest all what's going on in his brain.
Specifically, the speaker is afraid that he won't be able to write down all the poetry that exists in his head. The relation between glean'd and teeming is clear. Assonance connects them through sound and they also are part of the same harvest metaphor: Lines 3 and 4 The metaphor continues. The speaker repeats the need for poetic fulfilment, this time highlighting a pile of books in charactery thoughts expressed by symbol or characters which hold all the ideas and potential the poet has.It structured in a way that conveys Shakespeare's poem into an emotional journey that brings out conflicting internal feelings.
Theme Shakespeare is trying to convey to the reader the ups and downs of his present friendship through use of literary devices, diction, and sentence structure. This is a classic Shakespearean sonnet with fourteen lines in very regular iambic pentameter.
With the exception of a couple relatively strong first syllables (and even these are debatable), there. Shakespeare’s Sonnet 30 is a beloved, often-remembered, often-quoted poem simply because it is an exquisite description of the pain of nostalgia, an experience which is common to most of humankind.
The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. ALLITERATION: recurrent consonant sounds, frequently but not exclusively at beginning of words (e.g.
in Shakespeare's Sonnet sessions, sweet, silent, summon, things, past) REPETITION: devices which have the rational appeal of logic and the aesthetic appeal of symmetry.
Before Reading: Students will refer back to Shakespeare’s Sonnet from the earlier activity and note the words that we highlighted that convey the tone and mood of the piece. We will review how word choice makes a difference, as well as rhyme, rhythm, and other poetic devices.