References and Further Reading 1. However, like the other ancient philosophers, it was not the stereotypical ivory tower existence. It is noteworthy that although Aristotle praises the politically active life, he spent most of his own life in Athens, where he was not a citizen and would not have been allowed to participate directly in politics although of course anyone who wrote as extensively and well about politics as Aristotle did was likely to be politically influential. As a scholar, Aristotle had a wide range of interests.
Democracy, with all its problems, also has its paradoxes. Regular elections lead to short government life-time. This seems to result in more emphasis on short term goals and safer issues that appeal to populist issues. It also diverts precious time toward re-election campaigns Anti-democratic forces may use the democratic process to get voted in or get policies enacted in their favor.
Communism economic preferences, and liberal vs authoritarian political preferences may allow for non-democratic policies under the guise of democracy Democracies may, ironically perhaps, create a more effective military as people chose to willingly support their democratic ideals and are not forced to fight.
Some of these are discussed further, here: Voting in non-democratic forces Two examples of this paradox are the following: Hitler and his party were voted in. He then got rid of democracy and started his gross human rights violations and genocidal campaigns as a dictator.
Hamas was also recently voted in by Palestinians. The lack of aid, upon which the Palestinians have been quite dependent contributed to friction amongst Palestinians who support Hamas and those that do not and this has been amplified by the worsening economic situation there.
The Hitler example highlights the importance media and propaganda play and the need for continued open self-criticism to guard against these tendencies.
Minorities losing out to majorities Another criticism of democracy is that sometimes what the majority votes for or prefers, may not necessarily be good for everyone. A common example plaguing many countries which have diversity in race and religion is that a dominant group may prefer policies that undermine others.
Some quick examples include Nigeria which has large Christian and Muslim populations; some Muslims there, and in other countries, want Sharia Law, which not all Muslim necessarily want, let alone people of other faiths. If only a very slight majority can override a very large minority on such an important issue as how one should live, then there is a real chance for tension and conflict.
Another example is India, often help us an example of pluralism throughput the ages, despite all manner of challenges. Yet, unfortunately an Indian government report finds that its claims to religious integration and harmony are on far shakier grounds than previously believed.
This can come through various outlets, including, a diverse mainstream media, institutions such as religious and legal ones, schooling, family upbringings, etc Equally important are the underlying economic conditions and situations of a country.
Generally, it seems, where economically people are generally doing well, where the inequality gap is not excessive, people have less of a reason to opt for more defensive, reactionary or aggressive policies that undermine others. The fear of the public and disdain of democracy from elites while publicly claiming to supporting it People often see democracy as an equalizing factor that should not allow the elite or wealthy in a society to rule in an autocratic, despotic, unaccountable manner.
Instead they have to respond to the will of the people, and ultimately be accountable to them. Furthermore and ideally, it should not only be the wealthy or elite that hold the power.
There should be some form of equality when representing the nation. However, this has also meant at least two accompanying phenomena: Interestingly, leading up to the US mid-term elections, amidst all sorts of allegations of corruption coming to light, in an interview by Democracy Now!
Karl Rove, the influential, but controversial, advisor and strategist for President George W. What people do not realize about [Karl Rove] is that everything about him is political utility.
When he looked at what was going on with the megachurches Karl decided he was going to take these gigantic churches on the Christian right and to turn them into a gigantic vote delivery system. This is not a man who has deeply held religious faith.
This is just one example, where parties have simply targeted people to get votes for power.
And yet, many in the religious right believe that Bush represents them and some even see him as an instrument of Godshowing just how effective political utility and manipulation has been. Noting that different people refer to, and think of democracy in different ways, even some despots have called themselves democratic!
For such volatile ingredients can at times be unstable unless in carefully measured and monitored combinations.
Login to access the Upswing Virtual Learning Center for Houston Community College. 7 Dollar Essay is a relatively cheap essay writing service. Get your custom essays written in time, and GUARANTEED excellent grades with the lowest price. Of course you shouldn’t tolerate the “intolerable” What I would advocate is trying to expand one’s definition of tolerable. Spending one’s effort in a fight, either political or a literal war, is not usually a good way to increase utility.
John Stuart Mill whose Essay on Liberty and Considerations on Representative Government are two of the great books of the modern world, came to believe that every adult yes, women too should have the vote, but only after compulsory secondary education had been instituted and had time to take effect.
In some countries, healthy cynicism has given way to outright contempt or excessive cynicism at anything a government official promises! What this does mean, however, is that those with ambitions of power and ulterior agendas have to therefore resort to even more propaganda and media savvy manipulation, as Crick notes: For both autocrats and despots depend in the main on a passive population; they had no need to mobilize en masseEssay No.
Pollution. The word pollution has been derived from the Latin word pollution, which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment land water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it. To date, in , aside from the launch of Who Funds You, we’ve organised the following informal and conversational events in London..
Crowdsourcing analysis for policymakers. How open data is being used government, how it could be used as a participative tool, and what the opportunities / pitfalls could be. One evening over dinner, I began to joke, as I often had before, about writing an essay called “Men Explain Things to Me.” Every writer has a stable of ideas that never make it to the racetrack, and I’d been trotting this pony out recreationally every once in a while.
Liu Xiaobo (Chinese: 刘晓波, 28 December – 13 July ) was a Chinese writer, literary critic, human rights activist, philosopher and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who called for political reforms and was involved in campaigns to end communist one-party rule in China.
Some referred to him as "China's Nelson Mandela".
He was incarcerated as a political prisoner in Jinzhou, Liaoning. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback. Social and Political Recognition. Acts of recognition infuse many aspects of our lives such as receiving a round of applause from a rapt audience, being spotted in a crowded street by a long-forgotten friend, having an application for a job rejected because of your criminal record, enjoying some words of praise by a respected philosophy professor, getting pulled over by the police because you.