Synopsis Exposition A mosaic depicting Odysseusfrom the villa of La OlmedaPedrosa de la VegaSpain, late 4th-5th centuries AD The Odyssey begins after the end of the ten-year Trojan War the subject of the Iliadand Odysseus has still not returned home from the war because he angered the god, Poseidon. Odysseus' son Telemachus is about 20 years old and is sharing his absent father's house on the island of Ithaca with his mother Penelope and a crowd of boisterous young men, "the Suitors", whose aim is to persuade Penelope to marry one of them, all the while reveling in Odysseus' palace and eating up his wealth.
Many people believe no such person ever existed, and that "Homer" is a pseudonym uniting the works of many authors from various time periods.
Others believe that he was a blind court singer in the 8th century BC. Historical Context of The Odyssey Most ancient Greeks believed that the Trojan War took place in the 11th or 12th century BC, but on a slightly smaller scale than what was depicted in stories and legends. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance scholars believed that the Trojan War was pure invention, but in the past century archeologists and geologists have excavated sites that correspond topographically to the geography of Troy and surrounding sites, as they were described in The Iliad.
Today, most scholars agree that the Mycenean Greeks did storm a city called Troy in the 11th century BC, but that the details of the battle described in The Iliad and The Odyssey are fictitious.
The epics are considered the first known works of Western literature, and exerted vast influence on most of the authors and philosophers in ancient Greece as well as epic poems written in Roman, Medieval, and Renaissance times, such as The AeneidThe Divine Comedy, and Paradise Lost.
Some scholars have pointed out resemblances between The Odyssey and the Epic of Gilgamesh, a Mesopotamian poem that dates back to the 18th century BC. The Odyssey When Written: Ancient Greece When Published: The oldest complete manuscript of the poem dates back to the 10th or 11th century AD.
Dozens of English translations have been published since the 17th century. Ancient Greece pre-Classical Genre: The slaughter of the suitors Antagonist: The suitors, Poseidon Point of View: The Odyssey was initially recorded on fragile papyrus scrolls; some people believe that the length of each of the twenty-four books was determined by the length of a single scroll, which would break if it exceeded a certain size.
Cite This Page Tsykynovska, Helen.
Retrieved September 15, The Odyssey summary key points: Download The Odyssey Study Guide Subscribe now to download this study guide, along with more than 30, other titles. Get . Odyssey High School Odyssey High School is a small, hardworking community, in which students are inspired by life and are prepared to assume their authentic place within it.
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a K - 8 school could field five division 1 . The Odyssey (/ ˈ ɒ d ə s i /; Greek: Ὀδύσσεια Odýsseia, pronounced [heartoftexashop.com] in Classical Attic) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to heartoftexashop.com is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to heartoftexashop.com Odyssey is fundamental to the modern Western canon; it is the second-oldest extant work of Western literature, while the Iliad is the oldest.
Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Homer's The Odyssey. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides. Little is known about Homer's life. Many people believe no such person ever existed, and that "Homer" is a pseudonym uniting the works of.