The origin and history of golf

In the 15th century The Scottish Parliament passed several acts banning the practice of the game, along with football soccerbecause the two sports were interfering with archery practice, which was necessary for national defence. The first act was passed in by James II, King of Scotland, and it was reaffirmed in and They were previously made from hard leather. This became the recognised format for the game around the world.

The origin and history of golf

This is definitely not true.

History of golf - Wikipedia

It is now accepted that the 'golf' is derived from an old word meaning 'club'. The first documented mention of the word 'golf' is in Edinburgh on 6th Marchwhen King James II banned 'ye golf', in an attempt to encourage archery practice, which was being neglected.

Golf on the links may have continued unabated. On balance, it more likely that the 'golf' examples date to and the full details are discussed here.

Before the creation of dictionaries, there was no standardised spelling of any word.

Golf - Meaning of Word Golf - Scottish Golf History

Goff, gowf, golf, goif, goiff, gof, gowfe, gouff and golve have all been found in Scottish documents.

The first documented reference is spelt 'golf', but most people believe the old word 'gowfe' was the most common term, pronounced 'gouf'. Certainly the word 'gouf' is found extensively in written texts, long after golf was the acknowledged game. Allan Ramsay referred to 'gouff' in his Elegy to Maggy Johnston in Dr John Rattray, the winner of the Silver Club at Leith inandrefers to the 'Gouffers' in a letter in The Loudoun Gowf Club maintains the tradition of this terminology.

A minority of people hold the view that golf is a purely Scottish term, derived from Scots words 'golf', 'golfand' and 'golfing', which mean 'to strike' as in 'to cuff' or 'to drive forward with violence'. It did not become a verb until much later.

The verb 'to golf' is recorded in dictionaries in the 18th century onwards. The history in the Rules of Thistle Golf Club documented this origin as far back as It is important to note that the word golf is never used in Europe to describe any of the games there and the word colf is never used in Scotland to describe golf.

The Origins of the Game of Kings

Many historians use the word golf to describe games played on the continent, when they are clearly a different game or we do not know what game was being played. Only Scotland had the right combination of club, ball and links to create golf. InDavid Wedderburn, a Latin master in Aberdeen, used the word 'Baculus', which is Latin for 'club' as the title for his 'Vocabula', listing Latin terms for golf, which supports this derivation.

The Vocabula gives us the first unambiguous mention of the golf hole in Scotland. The names of very few of them have down to us.

Recently two more 17th century club makers were found. By the late 18th century, club making had become a skill in its own right and club makers such as James McEwan at Bruntsfield were making a good living.The history of golf shows that these were later expanded and developed by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St.

Golf in Scotland

Andrews in Scotland, itself founded in They hold the very first “open”, with the first prize of a silver cup. A History of Golf since The Birth Of Golf Golf as we know it today originated from a game played on the eastern coast of Scotland in the Kingdom of Fife during the 15th century.

Players would hit a pebble around a natural course of sand dunes, rabbit runs and tracks using a stick or primitive club. The United States Golf Association (USGA) was established in to regulate the game there, by more than golf clubs had been formed throughout the USA.

The origin and history of golf

With the availability of serious funding through commercial sponsorship, the USA quickly established itself as the centre of the professional game. Early forms of Golf traced back to the Roman game of paganica, in which participants used a bent stick to hit a stuffed leather ball: Games similar to golf – called chuíw án — played with several clubs and a ball are being played in China during the Song Dynasty: 15 th Century: The origin of the modern game is usually traced to .

The game of golf as we know it today can be attributed to the Scots, although there are records of several stick and ball games throughout history. As far back as the 13 th century, the Dutch played a game where a leather ball was hit with the intention of reaching a target several hundred yards.

'Women's Golf:' 'Evidence from the history of golf says that women have been involved and interested in the game almost since its inception.

The Royal and Ancient Club was founded in - within 60 years, women were on record as being active on the course.

History of Golf - The Origins of the Game