Written in tetrameterthe greater Alcaic consists of a spondee or iamb followed by an iamb plus a long syllable and two dactyls.
The opening line scans fairly normally, and the stresses help emphasize the comparison of being versus not being.
The line is an example of a feminine endingor a weak extra syllable at the end of the line. Hamlet puts forth his thesis statement at the beginning of his argument, which is generally a good idea. Be here is used in its definition of "exist. The trochee of that is works in two ways here, lending proper emphasis to the line and reinforcing the pause in the middle.
The third foot with "in" could also be scanned as a pyrrhic. Hamlet now elaborates on his proposition; the question actually concerns existence when faced with suffering. Nobler here seems most likely to denote "dignified," in the mind translates to "of opinion," and suffer is used in the sense "to bear with patience or constancy.
Some editors have argued that the original word was "stings" rather than "slings," although slings and arrows makes for a better rhetorical construction. Slings and arrows imply missile weapons that can not only strike from a distance but can miss their mark and strike someone unintended.
That would fit with the capriciousness suggested by the phrase outrageous fortune. Outrageous in this speech denotes "violent or atrocious. In what follows, we have straight iambic meter with yet another feminine ending.
The initial quatrain of four weak endings could be an attempt by Shakespeare to use the verse to convey further Hamlet's uncertainty. Sea of troubles is a fairly simple metaphor in this usage that compares Hamlet's troubles sufferings to the vast and seemingly boundless sea.
This line essentially translates to "or to fight against the endless suffering. However, the double entendre is whether to take up arms against the external troubles i.
Either way, Hamlet seems to be asking if the struggle is even worth the effort. To die" as an anapest foot, since the two unstressed syllables don't run together. The use of opposing in context continues the metaphor of armed struggle begun by "take arms" in the previous line.
There is potential ambiguity in the use of die here; obviously, it means "to lose one's life," but there are possible secondary meanings of "to pine for" and "vanish" as well. Sleep plays upon a double meaning of both "rest" and "being idle or oblivious. There's a natural pause that comes before "and by a sleep This line serves as poetic elaboration of the "sea of troubles" to which Hamlet refers earlier.
Heart-ache is easily enough understood as anguish or sorrow, while thousand signifies "numerous" in this context, and natural shocks translates loosely to "normal conflicts. To die, to sleep; Let it be noted that this repetition of "to die, to sleep" is an intentional rhetorical device.
Metrically, you can hear Hamlet working through the logic based on the stresses.
Rub means "obstacle or impediment," and perchance means "perhaps" in context. The point of this line is that Hamlet seeks oblivion, which he has likened to a deep slumber. However, the flaw in this thinking, as Hamlet reasons out, is that dreams come to us during sleep. One can imagine that Hamlet's dreams are reasonably unpleasant, which leads him to extrapolate in the next lineWONDERING WHAT’S WRONG WITH OUR WORLD?
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Welcome to Hamlet Haven, your resource for navigating scholarship on one of Shakespeare's most famous plays.. Today a daunting quantity of Hamlet scholarship exists. Although databases and electronic catalogues aid research, these directories present a virtual wall of minimal bibliographic data.
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A line-by-line dramatic verse analysis of Hamlet's speech in Act III, scene 1. Dramatic literature, the texts of plays that can be read, as distinct from being seen and heard in performance.
All plays depend upon a general agreement by all participants—author, actors, and audience—to accept the operation of theatre and the conventions associated with it, just as players.
The Tragic Hero Of Hamlet - It angers young hamlet that after a month of his father 's death, King Hamlet, Hamlet 's mother, Gertrude, married his father 's brother even though his uncle, Claudius, is nothing compared to his father who was a great leader.